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Alternative Names Return to topGastroparesis diabeticorum; Delayed gastric emptying
Definition Return to top
Gastroparesis is a condition that affects the ability of the stomach to empty its contents, but there is no blockage (obstruction).
Causes Return to top
The cause of gastroparesis is unknown, but it may be caused by a disruption of nerve signals to the intestine. The condition is a common complication of diabetes and can be a complication of some surgeries.
Risk factors for gastroparesis include:
Symptoms Return to top
Exams and Tests Return to top
Treatment Return to top
People with diabetes should always control their blood sugar levels. Better control of blood sugar levels may improve symptoms of gastroparesis. Eating small meals and soft (well-cooked) foods may also help relieve some symptoms.
Other treatments may include:
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
Many treatments seem to provide only temporary benefit.
Possible Complications Return to top
Persistent nausea and vomiting may cause:
People with diabetes may have serious complications from poor blood sugar control.
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Apply home treatment such as managing your diet. Call your health care provider if symptoms continue or if you have new symptoms.Update Date: 2/20/2008 Updated by: Christian Stone, MD, Division of Gastroenterology, Washington University in St. Louis, School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.