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Alternative Names Return to topThyrotoxic storm; Hyperthyroid storm
Definition Return to top
Thyroid storm is a life-threatening condition that develops in cases of untreated thyrotoxicosis (hyperthyroidism).
Causes Return to top
Thyroid storm results from untreated hyperthyroidism. It is usually brought on by a stress such as trauma or infection.
Symptoms Return to top
Symptoms are severe and may include:
Exams and Tests Return to top
Blood tests are done to evaluate thyroid function.
Possible Complications Return to top
Congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema can develop rapidly and lead to death.
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
This is an emergency condition. Call 911 or another emergency number if you have hyperthyroidism and experience these symptoms.
References Return to top
AACE Thyroid Task Force. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Medical Guidelines for Clinical Practice for the Evaluation and Treatment of Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism. Endocr Pract. 2002;8(6):459.
Ladenson P, Kim M. Thyroid. In: Goldman L and Ausiello D, eds. Goldman: Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa:Saunders; 2007:chap 244.Update Date: 6/17/2008 Updated by: Elizabeth H. Holt, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Yale University. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.