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Alternative Names Return to topTic - transient tic disorder
Definition Return to top
Transient tic disorder is a temporary condition in which a person makes one or many brief, repeated, difficult to control movements or noises (tics).
Causes Return to top
Transient tic disorder is common in children.
The cause of transient tic disorder can be physical or mental (psychological). It may be a mild form of Tourette syndrome.
Symptoms Return to top
The child may have facial tics or tics involving movement of the arms, legs, or other areas.
Tics may involve:
The tics often look like nervous behavior. Tics appear to get worse with stress and do not occur during sleep.
Sounds may also occur, such as:
Exams and Tests Return to top
The health care provider should consider physical causes of transient tic disorder before making a diagnosis.
In order to be diagnosed with transient tic disorder, the child must have had tics almost every day for at least 4 weeks, but less than a year.
Treatment Return to top
Health care providers recommend that family members do NOT call attention to the tics at first, because unwanted attention may make the tics worse. If tics are severe enough to cause problems in school or work, behavioral techniques and medications may help.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
Simple childhood tics usually disappear over a period of months.
Possible Complications Return to top
There are usually no complications. A chronic motor or vocal tic disorder can develop.
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Talk to your health care provider if you are concerned about a transient tic disorder, especially if it continues or disrupts your child's life. If you are not sure whether the movements are a tic or a seizure, call your health care provider right away.Update Date: 2/13/2008 Updated by: Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Departments of Anatomy & Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.