|Other encyclopedia topics:||A-Ag Ah-Ap Aq-Az B-Bk Bl-Bz C-Cg Ch-Co Cp-Cz D-Di Dj-Dz E-Ep Eq-Ez F G H-Hf Hg-Hz I-In Io-Iz J K L-Ln Lo-Lz M-Mf Mg-Mz N O P-Pl Pm-Pz Q R S-Sh Si-Sp Sq-Sz T-Tn To-Tz U V W X Y Z 0-9|
|Contents of this page:|
Alternative Names Return to topPolyneuropathy - chronic inflammatory; CIDP; Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
Definition Return to top
Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is nerve swelling and irritation (inflammation) that leads to a loss of movement or sensation.
Causes Return to top
Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is a common type of damage to nerves outside the brain or spinal cord (peripheral neuropathy). Polyneuropathy means several nerves are involved. It usually affects both sides of the body the same amount.
The cause of chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy is an abnormal immune response. The specific triggers vary. In many cases, the cause is unknown.
It may occur with other conditions, such as:
Guillain-Barre syndrome is a form of inflammatory polyneuropathy that lasts for a shorter time.
Symptoms Return to top
Other symptoms that can occur with this disease:
Exams and Tests Return to top
An exam shows:
Tests may include:
Which other tests are done depends on the suspected cause of the condition, and may include x-rays, imaging scans, and blood tests.
Treatment Return to top
The goal of treatment is to control symptoms. What treatment is given depends on how severe the symptoms are, among other things. The most aggressive treatment is usually only given if you have difficulty walking or if symptoms interfere with your ability to care for yourself or perform work functions.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
The outcome varies. The disorder may continue long-term, or you may have repeated episodes of symptoms. Complete recovery is possible, but permanent loss of nerve function is not uncommon.
Possible Complications Return to top
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if you have a loss of movement or sensation in any area of the body, especially if your symptoms get worse.Update Date: 9/25/2008 Updated by: Daniel B. Hoch, PhD, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.