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Definition Return to top
Intraductal papilloma is a small, noncancerous (benign) tumor that grows in a milk duct of the breast.
Causes Return to top
Intraductal papilloma occurs most often in women ages 35 - 55. The causes and risk factors are unknown.
Symptoms Return to top
Exams and Tests Return to top
Intraductal papilloma is the most common cause of spontaneous nipple discharge from a single duct.
The health care professional might feel a small lump beneath the nipple, but this lump cannot always be felt (palpable). A mammogram often does not show papillomas. Ultrasound may be helpful.
Other tests include:
Treatment Return to top
The involved duct is surgically removed and the cells are checked for cancer (biopsy).
Support Groups Return to top
There may be support groups for women with breast disease in your area. Ask your doctor or other health care provider for a recommendation.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
The outcome is excellent for people with one tumor. People with many tumors, or who get them at an early age may have an increased risk of developing cancer, particularly if they have a family history of cancer or there are abnormal cells in the biopsy.
Possible Complications Return to top
Complications of surgery can include bleeding, infection, and anesthesia risks. If the biopsy shows cancer, you may need further surgery.
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if you notice any breast discharge or a breast lump.
Prevention Return to top
There is no known way to prevent intraductal papilloma. Breast self-examination and screening mammograms can help detect the disease early.Update Date: 8/17/2007 Updated by: Melanie N. Smith, MD, PhD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.