|Other encyclopedia topics:||A-Ag Ah-Ap Aq-Az B-Bk Bl-Bz C-Cg Ch-Co Cp-Cz D-Di Dj-Dz E-Ep Eq-Ez F G H-Hf Hg-Hz I-In Io-Iz J K L-Ln Lo-Lz M-Mf Mg-Mz N O P-Pl Pm-Pz Q R S-Sh Si-Sp Sq-Sz T-Tn To-Tz U V W X Y Z 0-9|
|Contents of this page:|
Alternative Names Return to topEncephalotrigeminal angiomatosis
Definition Return to top
Sturge-Weber syndrome is a rare disorder present at birth in which the child has a port-wine stain birthmark (usually on the face) and neurologic problems.
Causes Return to top
The cause of Sturge-Weber is unknown. There is no known hereditary component.
Symptoms Return to top
Exams and Tests Return to top
X-rays, MRI, or CT scans are useful to look for associated problems.
Treatment Return to top
Treatment is based on the patient's signs and symptoms, and may include:
Support Groups Return to top
For information and support, see www.sturge-weber.com.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
Most cases of Sturge-Weber are not life-threatening. The quality of life depends on how well the symptoms, such as seizures, can be prevented or treated.
Possible Complications Return to top
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
All birthmarks, including a port-wine stain, should be evaluated by the health care provider. Seizures, visual problems, paralysis, and change in alertness or mental state may mean the coverings of the brain are involved. These symptoms should be evaluated promptly.
Prevention Return to top
There is no known prevention.Update Date: 10/23/2007 Updated by: Daniel Rauch, MD, FAAP, Director, Pediatric Hospitalist Program, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.