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Alternative Names Return to topHypomelanosis of Ito
Definition Return to top
Incontinentia pigmenti achromians is a rare birth defect that causes unusual patches of light-colored (hypopigmented) skin and possible neurological and skeletal problems.
See also: Hypopigmentation
Causes Return to top
The cause is unknown. Girls are affected slightly more often than boys.
Symptoms Return to top
Exams and Tests Return to top
A Wood's lamp examination of the skin lesions may help confirm the diagnosis. Your doctor may also recommend chromosome analysis or a further medical workup to discover any related medical problems.
Treatment Return to top
There is no treatment for the hypopigmentation. Treatment consists of treating the symptoms. Cosmetics or clothing may be used to cover the hypopigmented spots if desired. Seizures, scoliosis, and other problems are treated as necessary.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
The outcome varies depending on the type and severity of symptoms that develop. In most cases, the skin pigment eventually returns to normal.
Possible Complications Return to top
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if your child exhibits an unusual pattern of the color of the skin.Update Date: 4/16/2007 Updated by: Michael S. Lehrer, M.D., Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.