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Alternative Names Return to topNasal tumor; Angiofibroma - juvenile; Benign nasal tumor
Definition Return to top
Juvenile angiofibroma is a noncancerous growth of the back of the nose or upper throat.
Causes Return to top
Juvenile angiofibroma is not very common. It is usually found in adolescent boys. The tumor contains many blood vessels, spreads within the area in which it started (locally invasive), and can cause bone damage.
Symptoms Return to top
Exams and Tests Return to top
The doctor may see the angiofibroma when examining the upper throat.
Tests that may be done include:
Treatment Return to top
Treatment is required if the angiofibroma is growing larger, blocking the airways, or causing repeated nosebleeds. In some cases, no treatment is necessary.
Surgery may be needed to remove the tumor. Removal is often difficult because the tumor is not enclosed and may have spread deeply to other areas.
A procedure called embolization may be done to prevent the tumor from bleeding. The procedure may correct the nosebleeds by itself, or it may be followed by surgery to remove the tumor.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
Although not cancerous, angiofibromas may continue to grow. Some may disappear on their own.
It is common for the tumor to return after surgery.
Possible Complications Return to top
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if you often have nosebleeds.
Prevention Return to top
There is no known way to prevent this condition.
References Return to top
Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 4th ed. St Louis, Mo: Mosby; 2005.
Grainger RC, Allison D, Adam, Dixon AK. Diagnostic Radiology: A Textbook of Medical Imaging. 4th ed. Orlando, Fl: Churchill Livingstone; 2001.Update Date: 1/30/2008 Updated by: James L. Demetroulakos, M.D., F.A.C.S., Department of Otolaryngology, North Shore Medical Center, Salem, MA. Clinical Instructor in Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.