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Definition Return to top
Amelogenesis imperfecta is a tooth development disorder in which the teeth are covered with thin, abnormally formed enamel.
Causes Return to top
Amelogenesis imperfecta is passed down through families as a dominant trait. That means you only need to get the abnormal gene from one parent in order for you to get the disease.
Symptoms Return to top
The enamel of the tooth is soft and thin. The teeth appear yellow and are easily damaged. Both baby teeth and permanent teeth are affected.
See also: Abnormal tooth color
Exams and Tests Return to top
A dentist can identify and diagnose the condition.
Treatment Return to top
The treatment depends on the severity of the problem. Full crowns will improve the appearance of the teeth and protect them from damage.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
Treatment is often successful in protecting the teeth.
Possible Complications Return to top
The enamel is easily fractured and damaged, which affects the appearance of the teeth, especially if left untreated.
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your dentist if you have symptoms of this condition.Update Date: 5/28/2008 Updated by: Jason S. Baker, DMD, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Private Practice, Yonkers, New York. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.