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Alternative Names Return to topAutograft; Allograft
Definition Return to top
A bone graft is surgery to place new bone into spaces around a broken bone or bone defects.
Description Return to top
The new bone can be taken from the patient's own healthy bone (this is called an autograft) or from frozen, donated bone (allograft).
A surgeon makes a cut over the bone defect. The bone graft is shaped and inserted into and around the area. The new bone is held in place with pins, plates, or screws. Stitches are used to close the wound. A splint or cast is usually used to prevent injury or movement while healing.
Why the Procedure is Performed Return to top
Bone grafts are used to:
Risks Return to top
The risks for any anesthesia include:
After the Procedure Return to top
Most bone grafts help the bone defect to heal with little risk of graft rejection.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
Recovery time depends on the injury or defect being treated and generally varies from 2 weeks to 2 months. Vigorous exercise may be restricted for up to 6 months.Update Date: 7/17/2008 Updated by: Andrew L Chen, MD, MS, Orthopedist, The Alpine Clinic, Littleton, NH. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.