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Alternative Names Return to topJoint hypermobility; Loose joints
Definition Return to top
Hypermobile joints are joints that move beyond the normal range with little effort. Joints most commonly affected are the elbows, wrists, fingers, and knees.
Considerations Return to top
Children generally tend to be more flexible than adults, but those with hypermobile joints can flexing and extend their joints beyond what's considered normal. The movement is done without undue force and without discomfort.
Children with hypermobile joints also frequently have flat feet.
Causes Return to top
Hypermobile joints occur in some very rare medical conditions, but can also occur in otherwise healthy and normal children. Conditions associated with hypermobile joints include:
Home Care Return to top
There is no specific care for this condition. In many cases, persons with hypermobile joints have an increased risk for joint dislocation and other problems. Extra care may be needed to protect the joints. Ask your health care provider for specific recommendations.
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if:
What to Expect at Your Office Visit Return to top
Hypermobile joints often accompany other symptoms that, taken together, define a specific syndrome or condition. A diagnosis is based on a family history, medical history, and a complete physical exam.
Medical history questions that help document hypermobile joints in detail may include:
The physical exam will include detailed examination of the muscles and skeleton. The joints may be moved to determine the direction and extent of mobility.
Further tests will depend on what condition is suspected.Update Date: 11/30/2008 Updated by: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.