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Alternative Names Return to topCystic fibrosis screening - neonatal; Immunoreactive trypsinogen; IRT test
Definition Return to top
Neonatal cystic fibrosis screening is a blood test that looks for increased levels of immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT), an enzyme produced by the pancreas. The test is performed on newborns to screen for cystic fibrosis (CF).
How the Test is Performed Return to top
A sample of blood is either taken from the bottom of the baby's foot of a vein in the arm. A tiny drop of blood is collected onto a piece of filter paper and allowed to dry. The dried blood sample is sent to a lab for analysis.
How to Prepare for the Test Return to top
There is no special preparation needed.
Some states include this test in the routine newborn screening tests that are done before the baby leaves the hospital.
If you live in a state that does not perform routine CF screening, your health care provider will explain whether testing is needed.
How the Test Will Feel Return to top
The brief feeling of discomfort will probably cause your baby to cry.
Why the Test is Performed Return to top
Children with CF who are diagnosed early in life and start treatment at a young age may have better nutrition, growth, and lung function. Newborn screening tests allow doctors to identify children with CF before they have symptoms.
Normal Results Return to top
Normal values vary from lab to lab. Ask your doctor or testing center for details.
What Abnormal Results Mean Return to top
It is important to remember that a positive screening test for cystic fibrosis does not diagnose cystic fibrosis. If your child's test is positive, further tests will be done to confirm the possibility of CF. Not all children with a positive screening IRT test have CF.
Risks Return to top
Risks associated with the test include:
Considerations Return to top
The IRT level does not indicate the severity of the CF. False-positives may occur.
References Return to top
Farrell PM, Rosenstein BJ, White TB, et al. Guidelines for diagnosis of cystic fibrosis in newborns through older adults: Cystic fibrosis consensus report. Journal of Pediatrics. Aug 2008;153(2).Update Date: 2/5/2009 Updated by: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.