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Alternative Names Return to topSex chromatin test
Definition Return to top
A buccal smear (pronounced "buckle") is the painless removal of a sample of cells from the lining of the mouth (inside of the cheek) for study.
How the Test is Performed Return to top
The health care provider will gently scrape the inside of the cheek with a small spatula to collect cells for testing.
How to Prepare for the Test Return to top
Rinse and wash the mouth as instructed.
How the Test Will Feel Return to top
You will feel a scraping sensation as cells are removed from the cheek.
Why the Test is Performed Return to top
The procedure is used to obtain cells for chromosome and DNA analysis,most often for genetic testing. The International Olympic Committee adopted the test many years ago to help detect male imposters among female athletes. When the test is used in this way, it's called the sex chromatin test. This method may also help establish the sexual identity of newborns.
Risks Return to top
There are no risks.Update Date: 11/4/2008 Updated by: Frank A. Greco, M.D., Ph.D., Director, Biophysical Laboratory, The Lahey Clinic, Burlington, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.