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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1790s 1800s 1810s – 1820s – 1830s 1840s 1850s|
|Years:||1822 1823 1824 – 1825 – 1826 1827 1828|
Year 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1825
January - March
- January 4 - King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies dies and is succeeded by his son Francis I of the Two Sicilies.
- February 3 - Vendsyssel-Thy, once part of the Jutland peninsula that formed westernmost Denmark becomes an island after a flood drowns its 1 km wide isthmus.
- February 4 - The Ohio Legislature authorizes the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the Miami and Erie Canal.
- February 9 - After no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States.
- February 10 - Simón Bolívar gives up his title of dictator of Peru and takes the alternative title of "Liberator".
- February 12 - The Creek cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government, and migrate west.
- March 4 - John Quincy Adams succeeds James Monroe as President of the United States.
April - June
- April 17, Charles X of France recognizes Haiti, 21 years after it expelled the French after the successful Haitian Revolution and demands the payment of 150 million gold francs, 30 of which Haiti had to finance through France itself, as down payment.
July - September
- July 6 - The Duke of Schleswig- Holstein- Sønderborg- Beck gains possession of Glücksburg and changes his title to Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. The line of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg later became the Royal House of Greece, Denmark and Norway.
- July 14 - The Jefferson Literary and Debating Society was founded by 16 disgruntled members of the now-defunct Patrick Henry Society in Room 7, West Lawn, of the University of Virginia.
- July 18 - Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (See Uruguay's independence).
- July 30 - Malden Island (an uninhabited island in the central Pacific Ocean) discovered.
- August 6 - Bolivia gains independence from Spain as a republic with the instigation of Simón Bolívar.
- August 31 - Robert Dunsmuir born near Kilmarnock, Scotland to James Dunsmuir and his wife Elizabeth.
- September - Lady Margaret Boat Club founded by twelve members of St John's College, Cambridge.
- September 7 - Brazil Gains independence from Portugal
- September 27 - The world's first modern railway, the Stockton and Darlington Railway opens in England.
October - December
- October 7 - The Miramichi Fire disaster in New Brunswick
- October 26 - The Erie Canal opens - passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie.
- December 1 - Nicholas I of Russia succeeds his older brother Alexander I.
- Decembrist Revolt in Russia.
- The first horse-drawn omnibuses established in London.
- The first roller skates.
- Aluminium discovered.
- City of Brisbane founded - see History of Brisbane.
- Estimation: London becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Beijing.
- Shir `Ali Khan, Wazir-i-azam of Kabul, Emir of Kabul, Emir of Herat, Emir of Kandahar (d. 1879)
|Ab urbe condita||2578|
|British Regnal year||5 Geo. 4 – 6 Geo. 4|
|Chinese calendar|| 甲申年十一月十三日
— to —乙酉年十一月廿二日
|- Vikram Samvat||1881–1882|
|- Shaka Samvat||1747–1748|
|- Kali Yuga||4926–4927|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||825–826|
|Japanese calendar|| Bunsei 8
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||87 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2368|
January - June
- January 25 - George Pickett, American Confederate general (d. 1876)
- March 13 - Hans Gude, Norwegian romanticist landscape painter (d. 1903)
- March 22 - Jane Sym, second wife of Canada's second prime minister (d. 1893)
- May 4 - Sir Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist (d. 1895)
- May 8 - George Bruce Malleson, English officer and author (d. 1898)
July - December
- September 11 - Eduard Hanslick, Austrian music critic (d. 1904)
- September 13 William Henry Rinehart, American sculptor (d. 1874)
- September 25 - Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (d. 1879)
- October 10 - Paul Kruger, Boer resistance leader (d. July 14 1904)
- October 25 - Johann Strauss, Junior, Austrian composer (d. 1899)
- November 9 - A.P. Hill, American Confederate general (d. 1865)
- December 2 - Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (d. 1891)
January - June
- January 4 - Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1751)
- May 7 - Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (b. 1750)
- May 19 - Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French politician (b. 1760)
- May 22 - Laskarina Bouboulina, Greek independence fighter (shot)
- May 23 - Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
July - December
- August 20 - William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1753)
- November 14 - Jean Paul, German writer (b. 1763)
- December 1 - Alexander I of Russia (disputed; b. 1777)
- December 28 - James Wilkinson, American soldier and statesman
- December 29 - Jacques-Louis David, French painter (b. 1748)