|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1880s 1890s 1900s – 1910s – 1920s 1930s 1940s|
|Years:||1916 1917 1918 – 1919 – 1920 1921 1922|
|1919 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2672|
|British Regnal year||8 Geo. 5 – 9 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar|| 戊午年十一月三十日
— to —己未年十一月初十日
|- Vikram Samvat||1975–1976|
|- Shaka Samvat||1841–1842|
|- Kali Yuga||5020–5021|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||919–920|
|Japanese calendar|| Taishō 8
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 8
|Thai solar calendar||2462|
Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar.
- January 1
- January 5
- Spartacist uprising: Socialist demonstrations in Berlin, Germany turn into an attempted communist revolution.
- In Germany, the German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, DAP), predecessor of the Nazi Party, is formed by merger of Anton Drexler's Committee of Independent Workmen with journalist Karl Harrer's Political Worker's Circle.
- January 6 – Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, dies in his sleep at the age of 60.
- January 7
- January 9 – Friedrich Ebert orders the Freikorps into action in Berlin.
- January 10– 12 – The Freikorps attacks Spartacist supporters around Berlin.
- January 11 – Romania annexes Transylvania.
- January 13 – Worker's councils in Berlin end the general strike; the Spartacist uprising is over.
- January 15
- Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht are murdered following the Spartacist uprising.
- Boston Molasses Disaster: A wave of molasses released from an exploding storage tank sweeps through Boston, Massachusetts, killing 21 and injuring 150.
- January 16
- The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition, is ratified.
- Pianist Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes the second Prime Minister of Poland.
- January 18
- World War I: The Paris Peace Conference opens at the Palace of Versailles, France.
- Bentley Motors Limited is founded in England.
- January 21 – Dáil Éireann meets for the first time in the Mansion House, Dublin. It comprises Sinn Féin members elected in the 1918 general election who, in accordance with their manifesto, have not taken their seats in the Parliament of the United Kingdom but chosen to declare an independent Irish Republic. In the first shots of the Anglo-Irish War, two Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) men are killed in an ambush at Soloheadbeg in Tipperary.
- January 23 – The Khotin Uprising breaks out in Khotyn, Ukraine.
- January 25 – The League of Nations is founded in Paris.
- January 31
- February 3 – Soviet troops occupy Ukraine.
- February 4- 5 – Pressburg (Bratislava) becomes capital of Slovakia.
- February 6 – The Seattle General Strike begins in the United States, affecting over 65,000 workers.
- February 11
- Friedrich Ebert is elected first President of Germany.
- The Seattle General Strike ends when Federal troops are summoned by the State of Washington's Attorney General.
- February 12 – Ethnic Germans and Hungarian inhabitants of Pressburg start a protest against its incorporation into Czechoslovakia but the Czechoslovak Legions open fire on the unarmed demonstrators.
- February 14 – The Polish-Soviet War begins with the Battle of Bereza Kartuska.
- February 25 – Oregon places a one cent per US gallon (0.26¢/liter) tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
- February 26 – Grand Canyon National Park: An act of the United States Congress establishes most of the Grand Canyon as a United States National Park.
- February 28 – Amanullah Khan becomes King of Afghanistan.
- March 1 – The March 1st Movement against Japanese colonial rule in Korea is formed.
- March 2 – Founding Congress of the Comintern opens in Moscow.
- March 3 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the conviction of Charles Schenck.
- March 4 – The Communist International ( Comintern) is founded.
- March 4– 5 – Kinmel Park Riots by troops of the Canadian Expeditionary Force awaiting repatriation at Kinmel Camp, Bodelwyddan, in North Wales. Five men are killed, 28 injured, and 25 convicted of mutiny.
- March 5 – A. Mitchell Palmer becomes United States Attorney General through recess appointment.
- March 8 – The Rowlatt Act is passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in London, indefinitely extending the emergency provisions of the Defence of India Act 1915.
- March 9 – The Egyptian Revolution of 1919 breaks out.
- March 15– 17 – Members of the American Expeditionary Forces convene in Paris for the first American Legion caucus.
- March 21 – The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established by Béla Kun.
- March 23 – In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
- March 23– 24 – Charles I, last Emperor of Austria, leaves Austria for exile in Switzerland.
- March 27 – The name Bratislava is officially adopted for the city of Pressburg.
- March 31 – A general strike begins in the Ruhr.
- April 6– 7 – The Bavarian Soviet Republic is founded.
- April 10 – Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead in Morelos.
- April 12 – French serial killer Henri Désiré Landru is arrested.
- April 13
- Amritsar Massacre: British and Gurkha troops massacre 379 Sikhs at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar in the Punjab Province (British India).
- Eugene V. Debs enters prison at the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia for speaking out against the draft during World War I.
- April 15 – Save the Children Fund is created in the UK to raise money for the relief of German and Austrian children.
- April 23 – The Constituent Assembly of Estonia convenes its first session.
- April 25
- The Bauhaus architectural movement is founded in Weimar, Germany.
- ANZAC day is observed for the first time in Australia.
- Pancho Villa takes Parral, Chihuahua, in Mexico, and executes the mayor and his two sons by hanging.
- April 30 – Several bombs are intercepted in the first wave of the 1919 United States anarchist bombings.
- May 1
- A large left-wing demonstration in France leads to a violent confrontation with the police.
- Riots break out in Cleveland, Ohio; 2 people are killed, 40 injured, and 116 arrested.
- May 2 Weimar Republic troops and the Freikorps occupy Munich and crush the Bavarian Soviet Republic.
- May 3
- Amanullah Khan attacks British government in India.
- America's first passenger flight departs from New York and lands in Atlantic City.
- May 4
- The May Fourth Movement opposes foreign colonizers in China erupts.
- The League of Red Cross Societies is founded in Paris.
- May 6 – Beginning of the Third Anglo-Afghan War.
- May 8 – Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate the Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.
- May 8– 31 – United States Navy Curtiss floatplane NC-4 commanded by Albert Cushing Read makes the first transatlantic flight, from Naval Air Station Rockaway to Lisbon via Trepassey, Newfoundland (departs May 16) and the Azores.
- May 9 – In Belgium, a new electoral law introduces universal manhood suffrage and gives the franchise to certain classes of women.
- May 15 – Winnipeg general strike: Workers in Winnipeg, Manitoba, launch a strike for better wages and working conditions.
- May 15 – The Hellenic Army lands at Smyrna on ships of the British Royal Navy.
- May 17 – The Committee of One Thousand forms to oppose the Winnipeg General Strike.
- May 19
- Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, marking the start of the Turkish War of Independence. The anniversary of this event is also an official day of Turkish Youth.
- Volcano Kelud erupts in Java, killing about 5,000.
- May 23 – The University of California opens its second campus in Los Angeles. Initially called Southern Branch of the University of California (SBUC), it is eventually renamed the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
- May 27 – Fyodor Raskolnikov was exchanged for fourteen British prisoners of war.
- May 29
- May 30 – By agreement with the United Kingdom, later confirmed by the League of Nations, Belgium is given the mandate over part of German East Africa ( Ruanda-Urundi).
- June 2 – Several mail bombs are sent to prominent figures as part of the 1919 United States anarchist bombings.
- June 4 – Women's rights: The United States Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which would guarantee suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification.
- June 6 – The Hungarian Red Army attacks the Republic of Prekmurje.
- June 14– 15 – A Vickers Vimy piloted by John Alcock DSC with navigator Arthur Whitten Brown makes the first nonstop transatlantic flight, from St. John's, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, Ireland.
- June 15 – Pancho Villa attacks Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. When the bullets begin to fly to the American side of the border, two units of the 7th Cavalry Regiment (United States) cross the border to repulse Villa's forces away from American territory.
- June 17 – English Police Sergeant Thomas Green killed during the Epsom Riot by Canadian troops
- June 21
- Winnipeg General Strike: Royal Northwest Mounted Police fire a volley of bullets into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two.
- Scuttling of the German fleet in Scapa Flow: Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Scotland. Nine German sailors are killed.
- June 23 – Estonian War of Independence – Battle of Cēsis: The Estonian army is victorious in northern Latvia against the pro-German Baltische Landeswehr.
- June 26 – British Foreign Office official St John Philby and T. E. Lawrence arrive in Cairo for discussions about Arab unrest in Egypt having been flown by Canadian pilot Harry Yates in a Handley Page bomber which set off from England on June 21.
- June 28
- July 2 – The Syrian National Congress in Damascus: Arab nationalists announce independence.
- July 2– 6 – British airship R34 makes the first transatlantic flight by dirigible, and the first westbound flight, from RAF East Fortune, Scotland, to Mineola, New York.
- July 7 – The United States Army sends a convoy across the continental U.S., starting in Washington, D.C., to assess the possibility of crossing North America by road. This crossing takes many months to complete, because the building of the U.S. Highway System has not commenced.
- July 19 – The Foreign Ministry of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic is established by decree of the chancellory for foreign affairs.
- July 21 – Wingfoot Air Express crash: The dirigible Wingfoot Air Express catches fire over downtown Chicago. Two passengers, one aircrewman and ten people on the ground are killed. However, two people parachute to the ground safely.
- July 27 – The Chicago Race Riot of 1919 begins when a white man throws stones at a group of four black teens on a raft.
- July 31 – British police strike in London and Liverpool for recognition of the National Union of Police and Prison Officers; over 2,000 strikers are dismissed.
- August 1 – Béla Kun's Hungarian Soviet Republic collapses.
- August 3 – Romanian army liberates Timișoara from the Hungarian occupation.
- August 4 – Romanian army occupies Budapest.
- August 8 – Treaty of Rawalpindi ends the Third Anglo-Afghan War.
- August 11 – In Germany, the Weimar Constitution is proclaimed to be in effect (ratified).
- August 18 – The Bolshevik fleet at Kronstadt, near Petrograd, Russia, on the Baltic Sea, is mostly destroyed by German warplanes and torpedo boats in a combined operation.
- August 19 – Afghanistan gains independence from the United Kingdom.
- August 16– 26 – First Silesian Uprising: The Poles in Upper Silesia rise against the Germans.
- August 31 – The American Communist Party is established.
- September 6 – The U.S. Army expedition across America, which started July 7, ends in San Francisco.
- September 10 – The Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed, ending World War I with Empire of Austria-Hungary.
- September 10– 15: The Florida Keys Hurricane kills 600 in the Gulf of Mexico, Florida and Texas.
- September 12
- While working as a spy for the police, Adolf Hitler is ordered to monitor the German Workers' Party.
- Gabriele D'Annunzio, with his entourage, marches into Fiume and convinces Italian troops to join him.
- September 21 – The Steel strike of 1919 begins across the United States.
- September 27 – The last British Army troops leave Archangel and leave fighting to the Russians.
- October 2 – President of the United States Woodrow Wilson suffers a serious stroke, rendering him an invalid for the remainder of his life (to 1924).
- October 16 – In Germany, Adolf Hitler gives his first speech for the German Workers' Party (DAP).
- October 13 – The Convention relating to the Regulation of Aerial Navigation is signed.
- October 28 – Prohibition in the United States is authorized: The United States Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson's veto. Prohibition goes into effect on January 17, 1920, under the provisions of the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution.
- November 1 – The Coal Strike of 1919 begins in the United States by the United Mine Workers under John L. Lewis. Final agreement comes on December 10.
- November 7 – The first Palmer Raid is conducted on the second anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Over 10,000 suspected communists and anarchists are arrested in twenty-three different U.S. cities.
- November 9 – Felix the Cat appears in Feline Follies, marking the first cartoon character to become popular.
- November 10– 12 – The first national convention of the American Legion is held in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- November 11 – The Centralia Massacre in Centralia, Washington results in the deaths of four members of the American Legion, and the lynching of a local leader of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
- November 16 – After Entente pressure, Romanian forces withdraw from Budapest and allow Admiral Horthy to march in.
- November 19 – The Treaty of Versailles fails a critical ratification vote in the United States Senate. It will never be ratified by the U.S.
- November 27 – The Treaty of Neuilly is signed between the Allies and Bulgaria.
- November 30 – Health officials declare the global "Spanish" flu pandemic has ceased.
- December 1
- December 5 – The Turkish Ministry of War releases Greeks, Armenians and Jews from military service.
- December 21 – The United States deports 249 people, including Emma Goldman, to Russia on the USAT Buford.
- December 25 – Cliftonhill Stadium in Coatbridge, Scotland, opens as the home of Albion Rovers F.C.. They lose the opening match 2–0 to St. Mirren.
- John Maynard Keynes' book The Economic Consequences of the Peace is published in the UK.
- Les Champs Magnétiques, the first book produced using the techniques of surrealist automatism, is written by André Breton and Philippe Soupault.
- Female suffrage is enacted in Germany and Luxembourg.
- The International Astronomical Union is founded in Paris.
- The World League Against Alcoholism is established by the Anti-Saloon League.
- The fictional character Ham Gravy debuts in Thimble Theatre Comics.
- President of the United States Woodrow Wilson promises eventual independence for Philippines, though subsequent Republican administrations see it as a distant goal.
- John Browning finalizes the design for the M1919 Browning machine gun ( .30 caliber), the first widely distributed and practical air cooled medium machine gun introduced to the United States Military. It receives an official designation and production is started in the same year.
- John T. Thompson finalizes the design of the Thompson submachine gun in the United States.
- Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, along with his father John W. Bascom at Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, designs and makes rodeo's first reverse-opening side-delivery bucking chute, now the world standard.
- Severe inflation in Germany sees the Papiermark rise to 47 marks against the United States dollar by December, compared to 12 marks in April.
- January 1 – J. D. Salinger, American novelist (The Catcher in the Rye) (d. 2010)
- January 5 – Hector Abhayavardhana, Sri Lankan political theorist
- January 10 – Amzie Strickland, American actress (d. 2006)
- January 13 – Robert Stack, American actor (The Untouchables) (d. 2003)
- January 14
- Andy Rooney, American journalist (60 Minutes) (d. 2011)
- Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician
- January 15 – George Cadle Price, first Prime Minister of Belize
- January 23
- January 24 – Leon Kirchner, American composer (d. 2009)
- January 25
- January 26 – Valentino Mazzola, Italian footballer (d. 1949)
- January 27 – Ross Bagdasarian, American musician and actor (Alvin and the Chipmunks) (d. 1972)
- January 30 – John C. Elliott, American politician and 39th Governor of American Samoa (d. 2001)
- January 31 – Jackie Robinson, African-American baseball player (d. 1972)
- February 5
- February 9 – Langdon Brown Gilkey, American Protestant ecumenical theologian (d. 2004)
- February 11
- February 12
- February 13 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American musician (d. 1991)
- February 16 – Charlie Parlato, American musician (d. 2007)
- February 18 – Jack Palance, American actor (d. 2006)
- February 20
- February 24 – Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian international civil servant (d. 2004)
- February 26
- March 2 – Jennifer Jones, American actress (d. 2009)
- March 4 – Buck Baker, American racecar driver (d. 2002)
- March 7 – M. N. Nambiar, Indian film actor (d. 2008)
- March 14 – Max Shulman, American comedic writer (d. 1988)
- March 15 – Lawrence Tierney, American actor (d. 2002)
- March 17 – Nat King Cole, African-American singer (Unforgettable) (d. 1965)
- March 20 – Gerhard Barkhorn, German World War II fighter ace (d. 1983)
- March 24
- Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American author and publisher
- Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005)
- March 29 – Eileen Heckart, American actress (d. 2001)
- March 30 – McGeorge Bundy, U.S. National Security Advisor (d. 1996)
- April 1 – Joseph Murray, American surgeon, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- April 8 – Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (d. 2007)
- April 13
- April 16 – Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2009)
- April 20 – Richard Hillary, British pilot and author (d. 1943)
- April 22 – Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
- April 24 – Glafkos Klerides, Cypriot president (1993–2003)
- May 1
- Dan O'Herlihy, Irish film actor (d. 2005)
- Mohammed Karim Lamrani, Prime Minister of Morocco
- May 3
- John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (d. 2004)
- Pete Seeger, American folk singer and musician
- May 4 – Dory Funk, American professional wrestler (d. 1973)
- May 7
- May 8 – Lex Barker, American actor (d. 1973)
- May 14 – Denis Cannan, British dramatist, playwright and scriptwriter
- May 16 – Liberace, American pianist (d. 1987)
- May 17
- May 18 – Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (d. 1991)
- May 20 – George Gobel, American comedian (d. 1991)
- May 23
- June 4 – Robert Merrill, American baritone (d. 2004)
- June 11 – Richard Todd, Irish born British actor (d. 2009)
- June 12 – Ahmed Abdallah, former President of the Comoros (d. 1989)
- June 14 – Gene Barry, American actor (d. 2009)
- June 19 – Pauline Kael, American film critic (d. 2001)
- June 21 – Gérard Pelletier, Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (d. 1997)
- June 26 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
- June 30 – Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)
- July 1 – Malik Dohan al-Hassan, Iraqi politician
- July 6 – Ernst Haefliger, Swiss tenor (d. 2007)
- July 7 – Jon Pertwee, British actor (d. 1996)
- July 8 – Walter Scheel, President of Germany
- July 13 – Grisha Filipov, leading member of the Bulgarian communist party (d. 1994)
- July 15 – Iris Murdoch, Irish novelist (d. 1999)
- July 19
- Patricia Medina, English-born actress
- Dallas McKennon, American actor (d. 2009)
- July 20 – Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer, conqueror of Mount Everest (d. 2008)
- July 31 – Maurice Boitel, French painter (d. 2007)
- August 2 – Nehemiah Persoff, Israeli-American character actor
- August 8 – Dino De Laurentiis, Italian film producer (d. 2010)
- August 9 – Joop den Uyl, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1973 until 1977 (d. 1987)
- August 11 – Ginette Neveu, French violinist (d. 1949)
- August 13 –
- August 14 – Isaac C. Kidd, Jr., American admiral (d. 1999)
- August 15 – Benedict Kiely, Irish author and broadcaster (d. 2007)
- August 18 – Walter Joseph Hickel, 2nd and 8th Governor of Alaska (d. 2010)
- August 21 – Dalmiro Finol, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1994)
- August 25 – George Wallace, Governor of Alabama (d. 1998)
- August 28 – Godfrey Hounsfield, English electrical engineer and inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- August 30 – Wolfgang Wagner, German opera director (d. 2010)
- August 31 – Amrita Preetam, Indian poetess and author (d. 2005)
- September 1 – Gladys Davis, Canadian professional baseball player
- September 4 – Howard Morris, American actor (d. 2005)
- September 11 – Ota Sik, Czech economist and politician (d. 2004)
- September 18 – Pal Losonczi, Hungarian politician (d. 2005)
- September 21 – Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani Islamic scholar (d. 1988)
- September 24 – Rick Vallin, Russian-American actor (d. 1977)
- September 26 – Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher
- September 27 – James H. Wilkinson, English mathematician (d. 1986)
- October 3 – James M. Buchanan, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
- October 4 – John Sawyer ( Nancy Buckingham, Christina Abbey, Erica Quest, Nancy John, Hilary London), British romance novelist (d. 1994)
- October 5 – Donald Pleasence, English actor (d. 1995)
- October 6 – Mohamed Siad Barre, former President of Somalia (d. 1995)
- October 7 – Zelman Cowen, Governor-General of Australia
- October 9 – Jason Wingreen, American actor
- October 11 – Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (d. 1990)
- October 12
- October 16 – Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
- October 17 – Zhao Ziyang, prime minister of the People's Republic of China (d. 2005)
- October 18
- October 22 – Doris Lessing, British writer
- October 23 – Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist (d 1992)
- October 26
- October 31 – Daphne Oxenford, English actress (d. 2012)
- November 3
- November 5 – Myron Floren, American accordionist (The Lawrence Welk Show) (d. 2005)
- November 6 – Christoph Probst, German White Rose resistance member (d. 1943)
- November 10
- Mikhail Kalashnikov, Russian firearms inventor
- Michael Strank, U.S. Marine flag raiser on Iwo Jima (d. 1945)
- November 14 – Lisa Otto, German soprano
- November 15 – Roy Burden, Canadian World War II pilot (d. 2005)
- November 18 – Andrée Borrel, French World War II heroine (d. 1944)
- November 19 – Alan Young, English-born character actor
- November 21 – Gert Fredriksson, Swedish canoer (d. 2006)
- November 26 – Frederik Pohl, American science fiction writer
- November 28 – Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (d. 2004)
- December 4 – I. K. Gujral, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1997–98) (d. 2012)
- December 6 – Paul de Man, Belgian-born literary critic (d. 1983)
- December 7 – Lis Løwert, Danish actress (d. 2009)
- December 8 – Mieczyslaw Weinberg, Polish composer (d. 1996)
- December 9 – William Lipscomb, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
- December 13 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German World War II fighter ace (d. 1942)
- December 14 – Margie Stewart, American model and actress (d. 2012)
- December 21 – Ove Sprogøe, Danish actor (d. 2004)
- December 31 – Tommy Byrne, baseball player (d. 2007)
- January 4 – Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1843)
- January 6
- January 7 – Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1843)
- January 15
- January 18 – Prince John of the United Kingdom (b. 1905)
- January 27
- February 2 – Julius Kuperjanov, Estonian military commander (b. 1894)
- February 14 – Pál Luthár, Slovene teacher, cantor and writer (b. 1839)
- February 17 – Wilfrid Laurier, seventh Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1841)
- March 2 – Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero (b. 1812)
- April 4
- April 8 – Franklin Winfield Woolworth, American businessman (born 1852)
- April 9 – Sidney Drew, American actor (born 1863)
- April 10 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1879)
- April 15 – Jane Delano, American nurse and founder or the American Red Cross Nursing Service (b. 1862)
- April 27 – Anton Irv, Estonian military officer (b. 1886)
- May 3 – Eugen Levine, German revolutionary (b. 1883)
- May 4 – Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak general, politician, and astronomer (b. 1880)
- May 6 – L. Frank Baum, American author, poet, playwright, actor and independent filmmaker (The Wizard of Oz) (b. 1856)
- May 14 – Henry John Heinz, American businessman (b. 1844)
- May 21 – Lamar Johnstone, American silent film actor & director (b. 1885)
- May 28 – Hermann von Spaun, Austro-Hungarian admiral (b. 1833)
- June 29 – José Gregorio Hernández, Venezuelan medician and saint (b. 1864)
- June 30 – John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1842)
- July 10 – Jean Navarre, French World War I fighter ace (b. 1895)
- July 15 – Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
- July 18 – Raymonde de Laroche, French aviatrix, the first woman to receive an aviator's license (b. 1882)
- July 26 – Edward Poynter, British painter (b. 1836)
- August 1 – Oscar Hammerstein I, Polish-born theatre impressario and composer (born 1847)
- August 9 – Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (b. 1857)
- August 11 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-born businessman and philanthropist (b. 1835)
- August 21 – Laurie Doherty, British tennis champion (born 1875)
- August 27 – Louis Botha, Afrikaner statesman, president of South Africa (born 1875)
- September 16 – Alfred Parland, Russian architect (born 1842)
- September 22 – Alajos Gáspár, Slovene writer in Hungary (born 1848)
- September 27 – Adelina Patti, Italian opera singer (born 1843)
- October 2 – Victorino de la Plaza, Argentinian politician, former President of the Republic (b. 1840)
- October 6 – Ricardo Palma, Peruvian writer (b. 1833)
- October 7 – Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
- October 13 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
- October 17 – James Wolfe-Murray, British Army general (b. 1853)
- October 18 – Viscount William Astor, American financier and statesman (b. 1848)
- November 9 – Eduard Müller, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1848)
- November 15 – Alfred Werner, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
- November 24 – William Stowell, American silent film actor & director (b. 1885)
- December 2
- December 3 – Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French painter (b. 1841)
- December 19 – Martin Savage, IRA commander (b. 1898)