|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1920s 1930s 1940s – 1950s – 1960s 1970s 1980s|
|Years:||1949 1950 1951 – 1952 – 1953 1954 1955|
|1952 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2705|
|British Regnal year||16 Geo. 6 – 1 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 辛卯年十二月初五日
— to —壬辰年十一月十五日
|- Vikram Samvat||2008–2009|
|- Shaka Samvat||1874–1875|
|- Kali Yuga||5053–5054|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||952–953|
|Japanese calendar|| Shōwa 27
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 41
|Thai solar calendar||2495|
Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.
- January 8 – West Germany has 8 million refugees inside its borders.
- January 24 - Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canada-born Governor General of Canada.
- February 2 – A tropical storm forms just north of Cuba moving northeast. The storm makes landfall in southern Florida the next day. It is the earliest reported landfall from a tropical storm, and the earliest formation of a tropical storm on record in the Atlantic basin.
- February 6
- George VI (King of the United Kingdom and his dominions, of Canada, of South Africa, of Australia, of New Zealand and of Ceylon) dies aged 56 after a long illness. He is succeeded by his daughter The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (now Elizabeth II), who is on a visit to Kenya. She is simultaneously proclaimed Queen of Canada at Rideau Hall, Ottawa, Ontario.
- In the United States, a mechanical heart is used for the first time in a human patient.
- February 7 – Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom (and her five other Commonwealth realms) at St. James's Palace, London, England.
- February 14 – February 25 – The Winter Olympics held in Oslo, Norway.
- February 15 – The funeral of George VI takes place at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
- February 18 – Greece and Turkey join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
- February 20
- February 21 – In Dhaka, East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) police open fire on a procession of students, killing 4 people and starting a country-wide protest which leads to the recognition of Bengali as one of the national languages of Pakistan. The day is later declared " International Mother Language Day" by UNESCO.
- February 25 - Parícutin active volcano in Michoacán, west central Mexico ceases its discontinuous eruption after spewing forth a gigaton of lava and burying San Juan Parangaricutiro.
- February 26 – United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill announces that the United Kingdom has an atomic bomb.
- March 1 – Founding of the British Phycological Society.
- March 10 – General Fulgencio Batista re-takes power in Cuba.
- March 15– 16 – 73 inches (1,870 mm) of rain falls in Cilaos, Réunion, the most rainfall ever in one day.
- March 20 – The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan.
- March 21
- The last two executions in The Netherlands take place.
- Dr. Kwame Nkrumah is elected Prime Minister of the Gold Coast.
- Tornadoes ravage the lower Mississippi River Valley, leaving 208 dead, through March 22.
- March 22 – Wernher von Braun publishes the first in his series of articles titled Man Will Conquer Space Soon!, including ideas for manned flights to Mars and the Moon.
- March 27 – Konrad Adenauer survives an assassination attempt.
- March 29 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman announces that he will not seek reelection.
- April 4
- April 7 - The American Research Bureau reports that the I Love Lucy episode, "The Marriage License" was the first TV show in history to be seen in around 10,000,000 homes the evening the episode aired.
- April 8 – Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer: The U.S. Supreme Court limits the power of the President to seize private business, after President Harry S. Truman nationalizes all steel mills in the United States, just before the 1952 steel strike begins.
- April 9 – Hugo Ballivián's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, which starts a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalization of tin mines.
- April 11 – Battle of Nanri Island: The Republic of China seizes the island from the Peoples' Republic of China.
- April 15 – The United States B-52 Stratofortress flies for the first time.
- April 18
- April 26 - The United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Wasp collides with the destroyer USS Hobson while on sea exercises in the Atlantic Ocean, killing 175 men.
- April 28 – The Treaty of San Francisco goes into effect, formally ending the war between Japan and the Allies, and simultaneously ending the occupation of the four main Japanese islands.
- April 29 – Lever House officially opens at 390 Park Avenue in New York City, heralding a new age of commercial architecture in the United States. Designed by Gordon Bunshaft of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, it is the first International Style skyscraper.
- May 1 – East Germany threatens to form its own army.
- May 2 – The first passenger jet flight route between London and Johannesburg.
- May 3 – U.S. lieutenant colonels Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict land a plane at the geographic North Pole.
- May 6 – Farouk of Egypt has himself announced as a descendant of prophet Muhammad.
- May 13 – Pandit Nehru forms his first government in India.
- May 15 – Diplomatic relations are established between the governments of Israel and Japan at the level of legations.
- May 18 – Ann Davison becomes the first woman to single-handedly sail the Atlantic Ocean.
- June 1
- June 14
- June 15 – The Diary of a Young Girl is published.
- June 19 – The Special Forces (United States Army) are created
- June 21 – The Philippine School of Commerce, through a government act, is converted to the Philippine College of Commerce (later the Polytechnic University of the Philippines).
- June 26 – The Pan-Malayan Labour Party is founded in Malaya, as a union of statewise labour parties.
- June 27 – Decree 900 in Guatemala orders redistribution of uncultivated land.
- June 29 – Finnish contestant Armi Kuusela wins the title of Miss Universe.
- July 3 – The ocean liner SS United States makes her maiden crossing of the Atlantic.
- July 13 – East Germany announces the formation of its National People's Army.
- July 19– 26 – Washington D.C. is "buzzed" by several alleged UFOs tracked on multiple radars. Jets scramble on several occasions and the objects take evasive action, only to return after the jets leave the area.
- July 19 – August 3 – The 1952 Summer Olympics are held in Helsinki, Finland.
- July 21 – A magnitude 7.5 earthquake ( Richter scale) strikes Tehachapi, California, destroying unreinforced brick buildings.
- July 23
- The European Coal and Steel Community is established.
- General Mohammed Naguib leads The Free Officers (formed by Gamal Abdel Nasser – the real power behind the coup) in the overthrow of King Farouk of Egypt.
- July 25 – Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.
- July 26- Eva Peron the so-called "Spiritual Leader" of Argentina dies at 33 years of age at exactly 8:25 in the evening.
- August 5 – The Treaty of Taipei between Japan and the Republic of China goes into effect, to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War.
- August 11 – The Jordanian army forces King Talal to resign due to mental illness; he is succeeded by his son Hussein of Jordan.
- August 13 – Japan joins the IMF.
- August 14 – West Germany joins the IMF and the World Bank.
- August 16 – Lynmouth, North Devon, England is devastated by floods; 34 die.
- August 26 – A British passenger jet makes a return crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in the same day.
- August 27 – Reparation negotiations between West Germany and Israel end in Luxembourg: Germany will pay 3 billion Deutsche Marks.
- August 29 – Composer John Cage's 4′33″, during which the performer does not play, premieres in Woodstock, New York.
- August 30 – The last Finnish war reparations are sent to the Soviet Union.
- August 31 – The Grenzlandring racetrack closes in Wegberg, Germany.
- September 2 – Dr. C. Walton Lillehei and Dr. F. John Lewis perform the first open- heart surgery at the University of Minnesota.
- September 6 – Television debuts in Canada as the CBC in Montreal, Quebec airs.
- September 8 – CBC Toronto debuts.
- September 10 – European Parliamentary Assembly (from Mar 1962, European Parliament) opens.
- September 18 – The Soviet Union vetoes Japan's application for membership in the United Nations.
- October 8
- October 12 – The Gamma Sigma Sigma National Service Sorority is founded in New York City at Panhellenic Tower.
- October 14 – The United Nations begins work in the new United Nations building in New York City, designed by Le Corbusier and Oscar Niemeyer.
- October 16 – Limelight opens in London; writer/actor/director/producer Charlie Chaplin arrives by ocean liner; in transit his re-entry permit to the USA is revoked by J. Edgar Hoover.
- October 17 – Indonesian troops led by General Nasution surround the presidential palace, seeking the dismissal of the People's Representative Council; Sukarno avoids confrontation.
- October 19
- Alain Bombard begins to sail from the Canary Islands to Barbados in 65 days; he reaches them December 23.
- John Bamford, aged 15, rescues victims of a house fire and becomes the youngest person to be awarded the George Cross.
- October 20 – Martial law is declared in Kenya due to the Mau Mau uprising.
- November 1 – Nuclear testing: Operation Ivy: The United States successfully detonates the first hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike", at Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean, with a yield of 10.4 megatons.
- November 4
- Kamchatka earthquake: An 8.25 Richter scale (9.0 moment magnitude scale) earthquake hits the Kamchatka Peninsula of the Soviet Union, equal only to the 2011 Japanese earthquake.
- United States presidential election, 1952: Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower defeats Democrat Adlai Stevenson (correctly predicted by the UNIVAC computer).
- The U.S. National Security Agency is founded.
- The Pace-Finletter MOU 1952: Memorandum of understanding is signed between "...Air Force Secretary Finletter and Army Secretary Pace that established a fixed wing weight limit [for the Army] of five thousand pounds empty, but weight restrictions on helicopters were eliminated..."( Pushing the Envelope, p. 196)
- November 18 – Jomo Kenyatta is arrested in Kenya for an alleged connection to the Mau Mau uprising.
- November 20
- November 21 – A show trial in Czechoslovakia sentences 11 ex-communist officials (all of them Jews) to death.
- November 25 – Agatha Christie's murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London; as of 2007, it continues next door at the St. Martin's Theatre, and remains the longest continuously running production of a play in history.
- November 29 – Korean War: U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfills a political campaign promise, by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.
- December 1
- Adolfo Ruiz Cortines takes office as President of Mexico.
- The New York Daily News carries a front page story announcing that Christine Jorgensen, a transsexual woman in Denmark, has become the recipient of the first successful sexual reassignment operation.
- December 4 – Great Smog of 1952: A "killer fog" descends on London (in the process coining the word "Smog", for "smoke" and "fog").
- December 14 – The first successful surgical separation of Siamese twins is conducted in Mount Sinai Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio.
- December 20 – The crash of a U.S. Air Force C-124 Globemaster at Moses Lake, WA kills 86 servicemen.
- December 25 – One West German soldier is killed in a shooting incident in West Berlin.
- December 26 – Joseph Ivor Linton, the first Israeli Minister Plenipotentiary in Japan, presents his credentials to the Japanese Emperor.
- Nearly 58,000 cases of polio are reported in the U.S.; 3,145 die and 21,269 are left with mild to disabling paralysis.
- The Nordic Council agrees to the unrestricted transport of people, goods and services throughout the Nordic Countries.
- The National Prohibition Foundation is incorporated in Indiana.
- Saynatsalo Town Hall in Finland, designed by Alvar Aalto, is completed.
- The influential multistorey residential building, Unité d'Habitation in Marseille, France, designed by Le Corbusier, is completed.
- The American Embassy School of New Delhi is founded.
- The Swedish paratrooper training school Fallskärmsjägarna(FJS) is created.
- Twelve-year-old Jimmy Boyd's record of I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus is released, selling 3 million records
- Capitol Wrestling Corporation, the professional wrestling promotion that would later evolve into the modern day WWE is founded by Jess McMahon and Toots Mondt
- During the Mau Mau Uprising, the poisonous latex of the African milk bush was used kill cattle in an incident of Biological warfare.
- January 1 – Jury Zacharanka, Belarusian politician abducted and probably killed in 1999
- January 2
- Makoto Nakajima, Japanese bureaucrat, Commissoner of the Japan Patent Office
- Ng Man Tat, Hong Kong actor
- January 3 – Jim Ross, American wrestling announcer
- January 7 – Sammo Hung, Hong Kong martial arts superstar, producer and director
- January 12
- Charles Faulkner, American life coach, motivational speaker, trader and author
- Walter Mosley, American author
- January 14 – Maureen Dowd, American journalist
- January 15 – Boris Blank, Swiss musician
- January 15 - Skay Beilinson, Argentinian guitar player of Patricio Rey y sus Redonditos de Ricota
- January 16 – H.R.H. Prince Ahmed Fuad Farouk ( Fuad II), the last King of Egypt & Sudan, Nubia, Kordofan and Darfur
- January 17 – Ryuichi Sakamoto, Japanese musician, composer, producer, and actor ( Yellow Magic Orchestra)
- January 21
- Marco Camenisch, Swiss environmental activist
- Louis Menand, American writer and critic
- January 22 – Ace Vergel, Filipino actor (d. 2007)
- January 24 – Raymond Domenech, French football player and manager
- January 25
- Edward Fialkowski, Polish political activist
- Sara Mandiano, French singer and songwriter
- January 28 – Tomokazu Miura, Japanese actor
- January 29 - Klaus-Peter Hanisch, German footballer (d. 2009)
- February 1 – Stan Kasten, American baseball executive, currently President of the Washington Nationals
- February 3 – Dermot Morgan, Irish actor and comedian (d. 1998)
- February 7 – Tony Liu, Chinese actor
- February 8
- Nora Miao, Hong Kong actress
- Daisuke Gori, Japanese voice actor (d. 2010)
- February 12 – Simon MacCorkindale, English actor (d. 2010)
- February 14 – Nancy Keenan, American president of NARAL
- February 19 – Amy Tan, American novelist
- February 22 – William Frist, U.S. Senator and heart surgeon
- February 24 – Maxine Chernoff, American poet, novelist, editor
- February 25 – Joey Dunlop, Northern Irish motorcycle racer (d. 2000)
- February 29
- Gary The Retard, American member of The Wack Pack ( The Howard Stern Show)
- Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush, American television's first female African-American primetime weather anchor
- March 1 – Martin O'Neill, Northern Irish footballer and manager
- March 2 – Laraine Newman, American comedian (Saturday Night Live)
- March 4
- Scott Hicks, Australian film director
- Ronn Moss, American actor
- Umberto Tozzi, Italian singer
- March 7 – Viv Richards, West Indian cricketer
- March 11 – Douglas Adams, English author (The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy) (d. 2001)
- March 13
- Wolfgang Rihm, German composer
- Agnes Rapai, Hungarian writer
- March 22 – Bob Costas, American sports announcer
- March 23 – Kim Stanley Robinson, American author
- March 25
- Jung Chang, Chinese-born author and historian
- Antanas Mockus, Colombian mathematician and politician
- March 27 – Maria Schneider, French actress (d. 2011)
- March 29 – Teofilo Stevenson, Cuban boxer (d. 2012)
- March 30 – Peter Knights, Australian footballer and coach
- March 31 – Vanessa del Rio, American actress
- April 1 – Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher
- April 4
- Rosemarie Ackermann, German athlete
- Gary Moore, Irish musician (d. 2011)
- April 5 – Mitch Pileggi, American actor
- April 6 – Marilu Henner, American actress and author
- April 7 – Nichita Danilov, Romanian writer
- April 11 – Peter Windsor, British sports reporter
- April 12 – Ralph Wiley, American sports journalist (d. 2004)
- April 14 – Mickey O'Sullivan, Irish sportsman
- April 15 – Glenn Shadix, American actor (d. 2010)
- April 17 – Željko Ražnatović, Serbian mobster and paramilitary leader (d. 2000)
- April 19 – Alexis Arguello, Nicaraguan boxer and politician (d. 2009)
- April 22 – Marilyn Chambers, American porn actress (Behind the Green Door) (d. 2009)
- April 25 – Ketil Bjørnstad, Norwegian pianist
- April 26 – Spice Williams-Crosby, American actress and stunt performer
- April 27 – George Gervin, American basketball player
- April 28 – Mary McDonnell, American actress
- May 2
- Campbell McComas, Australian impersonator and broadcaster
- Isla St Clair, Scottish singer
- May 3
- Allan Wells, Scottish athlete
- Leonid Khachiyan, Russian-born mathematician
- May 4 – Michael Barrymore, British comedian and TV presenter
- May 6
- Gregg Henry, American actor and musician
- Michael O'Hare, American actor
- May 8 - Ronnie Dapo, American child actor
- May 10 – Manuel Mora Morales, Spanish director and writer
- May 11
- Renaud, French composer
- Shohreh Aghdashloo, Iranian actress
- Mike Lupica, American sports journalist
- Frances Fisher, British-born American actress
- May 14 – David Byrne, Scottish-born rock singer, songwriter, and guitarist ( Talking Heads)
- May 18
- George Strait, American country musician
- Diane Duane, American writer
- Ryuzaburo Otomo, Japanese seiyuu
- May 19 – Bert van Marwijk, Dutch football manager
- May 20 – Roger Milla, Cameroonian footballer
- May 21 – Mr. T, American actor (The A-Team)
- May 24 – Sybil Danning, Austrian actress
- May 26 – David Meece, American Christian musician
- May 28 – Victoria Cunningham, American actress and Playboy Playmate
- June 4 – Scott Wesley Brown, American Christian musician
- June 7
- Hubert Auriol, French racing driver
- Orhan Pamuk, Turkish writer, Nobel Prize winner
- Liam Neeson, Northern Irish actor
- June 9 – Yukihiro Takahashi, Japanese musician and singer ( Yellow Magic Orchestra)
- June 16
- Georgios Papandreou, Greek politician
- Gino Vannelli, Canadian singer and songwriter
- June 17
- Mike Milbury, American ice hockey player, coach and executive
- Sarbjit Singh Chadha, Indian enka singer
- June 18
- Carol Kane, American actress (Taxi)
- Isabella Rossellini, Italian actress
- June 20
- John Goodman, American actor
- Kōichi Mashimo, Japanese anime director
- Vikram Seth, Indian novelist
- June 21
- June 22
- Alastair Stewart, British newsreader
- Graham Greene, Canadian (First Nations) actor
- June 24 – Stephen Pusey, British-born artist
- June 25 – Tim Finn, New Zealand singer-songwriter
- June 27
- Douglas Unger, American novelist
- Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (d. 1993)
- June 28 – Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete
- June 29 – Joe Johnson, English snooker player
- July 1 – Dan Aykroyd, Canadian actor and comedian (Saturday Night Live)
- July 4 – Alvaro Uribe, President of Colombia
- July 8 – Ahmed Nazif, Prime Minister of Egypt
- July 9 – John Tesh, American composer, musician, and television host (Entertainment Tonight)
- July 12
- July 14
- Robert Casale, American keyboardist ( Devo)
- Franklin Graham, American evangelist
- July 15 – Terry O'Quinn, American actor
- July 16 – Stewart Copeland, American rock musician (The Police)
- July 17 - David Hasselhoff, American actor
- July 19 – Allen Collins, American rock musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1990)
- July 20 – Keiko Matsuzaka, Japanese actress
- July 24 – Gus Van Sant, American film director
- July 25 – Eduardo Souto de Moura, Portuguese Architect
- July 27 – Hannu-Pekka Hänninen, Finnish sports commentator
- July 31
- Chris Ahrens, American ice hockey player
- João Barreiros, Portuguese author
- August 1 – Zoran Djindjic, Serbian politician (d. 2003)
- August 3 – Osvaldo Ardiles, Argentine footballer
- August 4 – Moya Brennan, Irish singer
- August 5 – Louis Walsh, Irish music producer and reality TV show judge
- August 6 – Wojciech Fortuna, Polish ski jumper
- August 7 – Alexei Sayle, English comedian
- August 8
- Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author
- Robin Quivers, African-American radio personality (The Howard Stern Show)
- August 9 – Vicki Morgan, American model (d. 1983)
- August 10 – Daniel Hugh Kelly, American actor
- August 11 – Bob Mothersbaugh, American composer and guitarist ( Devo)
- August 13 – Herb Ritts, American photographer (d. 2002)
- August 16 – Reginald VelJohnson, American actor
- August 17 – Guillermo Vilas, Argentine tennis player
- August 18 – Patrick Swayze, American actor and dancer (d. 2009)
- August 19 – Jonathan Frakes, American actor (Star Trek: The Next Generation)
- August 21 – Joe Strummer, British rock musician ( The Clash) (d. 2002)
- August 24 – Linton Kwesi Johnson, Jamaican-born musician and poet
- August 26 – Bryon Baltimore, Canadian ice hockey player
- August 27 – Paul Reubens, American actor, writer and comedian (Pee-Wee Herman)
- August 28 – Wendelin Wiedeking, German businessman
- August 29 – Jimmy Connors, American tennis player
- August 31 — Lee Hyla, American composer
- September 8 – Patrick Prosser, Scottish computer scientist
- September 9 – Angela Cartwright, British-American child actress, photographer and painter
- September 12
- Sergei Karaganov, Russian political scientist
- Neil Peart, Canadian rock drummer (Rush)
- September 16
- Fatos Nano, Albanian prime minister
- September 18 – Dee Dee Ramone, American rock bassist (Ramones) (d. 2002)
- September 21 – Anneliese Michel, German catholic woman who was believed to be possessed by demons (d. 1976)
- September 22 – Bob Goodlatte, U.S. Congressman from Virginia
- September 23
- Jim Morrison, American baseball player
- Peter Schrank, Political cartoonist
- September 24
- Mark Sandman, American rock musician and artist (Morphine) (d. 1999)
- Joseph Patrick Kennedy II, son of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy
- September 25
- Christopher Reeve, American actor and activist (Superman) (d. 2004)
- Jimmy Garvin, American professional wrestler
- September 26 – Predrag Miletić, Serbian actor
- September 27
- Didier Dubois, French mathematician
- Katie Fforde, née Gordon-Cumming, British writer
- September 28 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch actress (d. 2012)
- September 29 – Max Sandlin, American politician
- September 30 – Jack Wild, English actor (H.R. Pufnstuf) (d. 2006)
- October 5
- Duncan Regehr, Canadian actor
- Clive Barker, British author
- Emomalii Rahmon, President of Tajikistan
- October 7
- Vladimir Putin, Russian president
- Mary Badham, American actress
- October 13
- Beverly Johnson, American model, actress and businesswoman
- John Lone, Hong Kong actor
- October 14 – Nikolai Andrianov, Soviet gymnast (d. 2011)
- October 16 – Ron Taylor, American actor (d. 2002)
- October 22 – Jeff Goldblum, American actor
- October 24 - David Weber, American science fiction and fantasy author
- October 26 – Andrew Motion, English poet
- October 27 – Topi Sorsakoski, Finnish singer
- October 28 – Annie Potts, American actress
- November 3
- Roseanne Barr, American actress and comedienne
- David Ho, Taiwanese-American AIDS researcher
- November 5
- Bill Walton, American basketball player and commentator
- Oleg Blokhin, Ukrainian football player and manager
- November 6 – Michael Cunningham, American writer
- November 7 – David Petraeus, American general
- November 8
- Jan Raas, Dutch professional cyclist
- Alfre Woodard, African-American actress
- November 13 – Art Malik, Pakistani-born British actor
- November 15 – Randy Savage, American professional wrestler (d. 2011)
- November 16
- Shigeru Miyamoto, Japanese game designer
- Roger Bisby, English journalist
- November 17 – Ties Kruize, Dutch field hockey player
- November 25 – Imran Khan, Pakistani cricketer and politician
- November 27 - Buddy Rose, American professional wrestler (d. 2009)
- November 28 – S. Epatha Merkerson, African-American actress (Law and Order)
- November 30 – Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist
- December 9 – Michael Dorn, African-American actor (Star Trek: The Next Generation)
- December 12
- Harbance Singh (Herb) Dhaliwal, Canadian politician
- Sarah Douglas, English actress
- December 13 – Greg Greenway, American Singer-Songwriter
- December 15
- Julie Taymor, American film, theatre, and opera director and costume designer
- Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
- December 16 – Joel Garner, West Indian cricketer
- December 20 – Jenny Agutter, English actress
- December 27 – Jay Hill, Canadian politician
- December 28
- Arun Jaitley, Indian politician
- Hemant Shesh, Indian Hindi Writer
- December 30 – June Anderson, American soprano
- Idriss Deby Itno, President of Chad
- January 5 – Hristo Tatarchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1869)
- January 11 – Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, French general, posthumous Marshal of France (b. 1889)
- January 18 – Curly Howard, American actor and comedian (The Three Stooges) (b. 1903)
- January 25 – Polly Moran, American actress (b. 1883)
- January 27 – Fannie Ward, American actress (b. 1872)
- February 2 – Charles de Rochefort, French actor (b. 1879)
- February 3 – Harold L. Ickes, United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1874)
- February 6 – King George VI of the United Kingdom (b. 1895)
- February 7 – Philip G. Epstein, American screenwriter (b. 1909)
- February 19 – Knut Hamsun, Norwegian author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
- March 1 – Gregory La Cava, American film director (b. 1892)
- March 5 – Charles Scott Sherrington, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
- March 7 – Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (b. 1893)
- March 9 – Alexandra Kollontai, Russian revolutionary (b. 1872)
- March 12 – Hugh Herbert, American actor and comedian (b. 1887)
- March 22
- March 26 – J.P. McGowan, Australian actor and director (b. 1880)
- March 28 – Sir Fraser Russell, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (b. 1876)
- March 31
- April 1 – Ferenc Molnár, Hungarian novelist and dramatist (b. 1878)
- April 3 – Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician (b. 1866)
- April 5 – Charles Collett, British chief mechanical engineer (Great Western Railway) (b. 1871)
- April 8 – Tadeusz Estreicher, cryogenics pioneer (b. 1871)
- April 21
- April 23 – Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (b. 1887)
- May 6 – Maria Montessori, Italian educator (cerebral hemorrhage) (b. 1870)
- May 8 – William Fox, Austro-Hungarian-born film producer (b. 1879)
- May 9 – Canada Lee, American actor (b. 1907)
- May 15 – Albert Bassermann, German actor (b. 1867)
- May 21 – John Garfield, American actor (b. 1913)
- June 1
- June 2 - Naum Torbov, Bulgarian architect (b. 1880)
- June 13 – Emma Eames, American soprano (b. 1865)
- June 17 – Krystyna Skarbek, Polish-born British agent in World War II (b. 1915)
- June 19 – Heinrich Schlusnus, German baritone (b. 1888)
- June 27 – Elmo Lincoln, American actor (b. 1889)
- July 4 – Walter Long, American character actor (b. 1879)
- July 5 – Alison Skipworth, English actress (b. 1863)
- July 21 - Pedro Lascuráin, 34th President of Mexico
- July 26 – Eva Perón, Argentine political leader, and First Lady to and partner in power of President Juan Perón (b. 1919)
- August 1 – Andrew Higgins, American boatbuilder and industrialist. (b. 1886)
- August 2 – J. Farrell MacDonald, American actor and director (b. 1875)
- August 5 – Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (b. 1917)
- August 11 – Dave Sands, Australian boxer (b. 1926)
- August 18 – Ralph Byrd, American actor (b. 1909)
- September 6 – Gertrude Lawrence, English actress (b. 1898)
- September 9 – Jonas H. Ingram, American admiral (b. 1886)
- September 16 – Hugo Raudsepp, Estonian playwright (b. 1883)
- September 22 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, 1st President of Finland (b. 1865)
- September 23 – Ray Mala, Native American actor (b. 1906)
- September 26 – George Santayana, Spanish-born writer (b. 1863)
- September 30 – Viscount Waldorf Astor, American-born businessman and politician (b. 1879)
- October 11 – Jack Conway, American film producer and director (b. 1887)
- October 17 – Julia Dean, stage and screen actress (b. 1878)
- October 20 – Basil Radford, English actor (b. 1897)
- October 22 – Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist (b. 1874)
- October 23 – Susan Peters, American actress (b. 1921)
- October 26 – Hattie McDaniel, American actress (b. 1895)
- October 28 – Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
- November 1 – Dixie Lee, American actress and singer (b. 1911)
- November 2 – Mehmet Esat Bülkat, Ottoman general (b. 1862)
- November 3 – Louis Verneuil, French playwright, screenwriter (b. 1893)
- November 8
- November 9 – Chaim Weizmann, first President of Israel (b. 1874)
- November 18 – Paul Eluard, French poet (b. 1895)
- November 20 – Benedetto Croce, Italian critic, philosopher, and politician (b. 1866)
- November 21 – William D. Upshaw, American temperance movement leader (b. 1866)
- November 26 – Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer, geographer and geopolitician (b. 1865)
- November 28 – Elena of Montenegro, Queen of Italy, consort of Victor Emmanuel III (b. 1869)
- December 1 – Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1860)
- December 8 – Charles Lightoller, British merchant marine officer, second officer of RMS Titanic (b. 1874)
- December 12 – Bedrich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (b. 1879)
- December 19 – Pehr G. Holmes, American politician (b. 1881)
- December 27 – Henri Winkelman, Dutch general (b. 1876)
- December 28
- December 30 – Luke McNamee, American admiral and Governor of Guam (b. 1871)